Culture Traditions

 

KHMER ART AND CULTURE:


Throughout Cambodian history, the art that is now found throughout Cambodia has been inspired by religious principles. This resulted in a unique Khmer style, which is a combination of indigenous animistic beliefs and the original Indian religions of Hinduism and Buddhism. These two religions, spread in the 1st century BC. Along with the Sanskrit language and other elements of Indian civilization on the mainland of Southeast Asia.
Sailors and merchants traveling from India to China along the Gulf of Thailand brought these cultural elements to the Funan state. However, this was also exposed to cultural influences from Java, China and Malaysia. Between the 9th and 15th centuries a prosperous and powerful empire flourished, united by the Khmer tribe. The Khmer Kingdom of Angkor, dominated much of the culture that is nowadays Laor, Vietnam and Thailand. The kingdom drew its religious and political inspiration from India, whereby the literary language of the court was Sanskrit, the spoken Khmer.
Massive temples from this period, including Angkor Wat and the Bayon in Angkor Thom, testify to the power of Angkor and the splendor of its architecture and decorative art. The incomparable achievements of this time in art, architecture, music and dance served as a basis for the later cultural development in Cambodia.
Angkor's achievements faded after the kingdom became a Thai state in the 15th century, and the seat of the capital changed in the following centuries. The temple facilities, which were not visited so often, were quickly recaptured by the jungle. In the following centuries, frequent wars reduced the territory, wealth and power of the prehistoric Cambodian monarchs, and in 1854 they applied for a protection to the French Emperor Napoleon III. , But this was thwarted by Siamese observers. One of the most important works of the Cambodian literature, the Reamker (a Khmer version of the Indian myth of the Ramayana), emerged during this time, reflecting the situation at that time in which prehistoric Cambodia was.
Even if the planned meeting with France was not state, Frankreichen 1863 hurried to the early Cambodia to help. Discovering the temples in Angkor through France, they have been reopened and placed in the care of the early Cambodian empire in order to preserve them. In 1954, the independent kingdom of Cambodia was founded, which ended with a putty in 1970. Because of the desire of the old king to come to power, a civil war broke out in 1970, which lasted until 1990. In this, the communist red Khmer rejected religion and education and forbade the practice of Cambodian traditions. The temple complexes survived this time, however, without prejudice.
In 1991, when the warring faction signed a peace treaty, international organizations helped the Cambodian government restore the sites in Angkor to revive the traditions in Cambodia. The traditional stone carving of the old Khmer empire was also rediscovered.
The ancient Khmer skulputren were carved out of stone with great craftsmanship and many of them form Hindu deities like Shiva, Vishnu, Brahmanas and the elephant god Genesha. However, there are also statues of many other Hindu goddesses, as well as mythical monsters from the Hindu history. Some great sculptures even show the epics of Hindu myths such as Mahabharata and Ramayana.
In later centuries of Cambodian history, Buddha statues also appeared in many temples, since Buddhism also had a great influence on early Cambodia. The most amazing Buddha statues are found in Angkor Thom (Bayon), where the splendid statues of the four-faced Bodhisattava Avalokiteshvara, the Lord Buddha, were formed on fifty towers. Although each sculpture bears the common characteristics of the supernatural being as described in the epics or myths, the details of the sculptures show the personal fantasies of their respective sculptors. In addition, some sculptures exhibit significant events such as The war against foreign invaders, while others depict the normal everyday life of the population of the ancient Khmer empire.
The houses of the population of the ancient Khmer empire resembled more or less the houses still found in rural areas of Cambodia. The houses were built on wooden poles and were about two and a half meters above the ground. The entrance could only be reached through a wooden ladder. This served as a protection of the inhabitants from wild animals and on the other hand this was necessary to be armed against possible flooding. The walls and the roof were made of straw or bamboo, the roof being covered with leaves of the sugar palm. The houses of the dignitaries and the palaces were built differently from the simple population. They differed in size, style and dimensions. The materials that were used to build the house also differ. Thus, the walls were made of thicker wooden planks, the roof was covered with tiles for the interiors and covered with thatched cover for the outer corners. The differences in the building architecture clearly identified the class to which a person belonged. Poor people dared not bury their roofs because they were afraid of social and social ostracism.
 
EVENTS AND FESTIVAL IN CAMBODIA

 
EVENTS & FESTIVALS AND HOLIDAYS FOR YEAR 2017
 January 01 - International New Year Day
 January 07 - Victory Day on Genocide
 February 11 - Meak Bochea Day
 March 08 - International Women's Day
 14 April 15, 16 - Khmer New Year's Day (Choul Chhnam Khmer)
 May 01 - International Day of Work
 May 10 - Visakh Bochea Day
 13 May 14, 15 - Royal birthday of King Sihamoni
 May 14 - Royal plow day
 1 June - International Children's Day
 18 June - Royal birthday of the royal mother Monineath Sihanouk
 Sep 19, 20, 21 - Pchum Ben Day
 September 24 - Constitutional right and King Con formation day
 October 15 - Memorial day of King Norodom Sihanouk
 23 October - Paris Peace Day
 October 29th - Royal Coronation of the King
 November 09 - Independence Day
 02. November 03, 04 - Waterproof and moon festival and boat race
 10 December - International Day of Human Rights
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